Concurso internacional de arquitectura sagrada para Senegal
CIUDAD: Tanaf, Senegal
We propose a huge pergola as a “MANTLE” that shelters society beyond the religion or ethnicity to which it belongs and at the same time works as a boundary between the earthly and the divine. It is a light element that generates an omnipotent environment through the controlled access of light, offering people a reference in their spiritual research.
The purpose of the site plan is to make the building work in conjunction with public space so as to support the social activities of the inhabitants of Tanaf. For this reason, the covered surface is reduced and a large-scale semi-covered space with permeable boundaries, both functional and visual, is suggested. Two building entrances are proposed, one primary on the main street of the village and another one located on the secondary facade giving access to spaces of worship in order to safeguard the intimacy of the religious ceremony.
Understanding that the majority of the population is Muslim and analyzing the need for uses of each of the religions, two covered sectors are proposed that contain the cult programs. A versatile space for Christians, Orthodox and Animists and another for Muslims.
The perimeter is delimited by a basement in the form of steps holding most of social activities. It is oriented both inside and outside the building, expanding the space of use outside the boundaries of the site; integrating to the environment.
Underneath the MANTLE will be the social place that contains the programs of citizen participation seeking the communion of the population. The arrangement of the columns and the distance between them will generate more open or closed spaces to order the uses. At the same time, they will support the division into modules, generating a flexible and adaptable place to environmental or health emergencies. In this way, the MANTLE will provide protection and social containment to the inhabitants when they need it.
The project seeks the brotherhood and peace of a society that suffered and suffers political and environmental setbacks, looking to the future but responding to current needs. For its construction materials should be fundamentally natural, obtained in the area and the constructive system should be realized with local labor. In this way, intelligent management of available assets is achieved to maximize the budget in a region where resources are scarce.